Morganite is the light pink to violet-pink version of beryl. Beryl belongs to the same mineral group as green emerald and thus morganite is sometimes referred as "pink emerald".
Pink morganite is one of the rarest forms among the beryls. It was first identified in Madagascar.
Morganite was named after the financier John Pierpont ( J.P.) Morgan in 1910.
George Kunz, chief gemologist of Tiffany and Company, proposed the name in honor to J.P. Morgan for his financial support for the arts and sciences and his important gifts of gems to the American Museum of Natual History in New York and to the Museum of Natural History in Paris. J.P. Morgan was one of the most important gem collectors in the early 1900s.
Since its discovery, morganite has been prized by gem collectors owing to its rarity.
Gem and mineral hardness is measured on the Mohs scale. The numbers are based on the scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of harder material to scratch softer material.
Morganite is 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale, so it is a durable gemstone for jewelry as long as it is treated with care to protect it against scratching and hard knocks.
Morganite can be attacked by hydrofluoric acid.
Morganite is sensitive to pressure and extremely vulnerable to household chemicals.Thus avoid wearing morganite gems and jewelry when using harsh chemicals like bleach or sulfuric acid.
Always remove morganite gems and jewelry before exercising, cleaning or engaging in vigorous physical activities.
Morganite can scratch easily other gems and also be easily scratched by harder gems such as sapphire and diamond. Always store morganite separately from other gemstones.
When storing morganite jewelry for a longer time, it is best to wrap them in a soft cloth and place them in a soft-lined jewelry box.
Although it is a durable gem type, it requires some care.
Morganite can be best cleaned with a soft cloth and warm and gentle soapy water. Be sure to rinse well to remove all soapy residue.
As with most other gemstones, avoid the use of ultrasonic cleaners, as well as heat steamers since cleaning it with soapy water is the safer method, but of course cleaning by ultrasonic and steam cleaners is usually safe, unless the stone has liquid inclusions or fractures.
Every so often after long term wear, the morganite will need to be polished and buffed to restore the initial luster and to remove any small scratches which accumulated on the stone over time.
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